مدرسة الموصل الفنية وأثرها في العالم الإسلامي

كما تبينه مقالة في الموسوعة البريطانية

Mosul School from Encylopaedia Britanica


كانت الموصل أثناء الحكم الزنكي في عصرها الذهبي وتدعى (أم العواصم) لأنها كانت المركز السوقي لتجهيز الحملات ضد الغزو الصليبي التي بدأها  عماد الدين زنكي وتابعها إبنه نور الدين الذي انتقل إلىحلب ليكون على خط المواجهة ثم سلمها إلى قائده صلاح الدين. رغم كل تلك التعبئة التي استغرقت ثلاثة اجيال أبدعت الموصل في الفن كما تبينه هذه المقالة.

    Mosul school, in  Iraq, and who for centuries to come influenced the metalwork of the Islāmic world from North Africa to eastern Iran. Under the active patronage of the Zangid dynasty, the Mosul school developed an extraordinarily refinedtechnique of inlay—particularly in silver—that far overshadowed the earlier work of the Sāmānids in Iran and of the Būyids in Iraq.

Mosul craftsmen used both gold and silver for inlay on bronze and brass. After delicate engraving had prepared the surface of the piece, strips of gold and silver were worked so carefully that not the slightest irregularity appeared in the whole of the elaborate design.The technique was carried by Mosul metalworkers to Aleppo, Damascus, Baghdad, Cairo, and Iran; a class of similar metalwork from these centres is called Mosul bronzes.

Among the most famous surviving Mosul pieces is a brass ewer inlaid with silver (British Museum) made by Shujāʿ ibn Mana. The ewer features representational as well as abstract design, depicting battle scenes, animals, and musicians within medallions. Mosul metalworkers also created pieces for eastern Christians. A candlestick of this variety, attributed to Dāʾūd ibn Salamah of Mosul, is bronze with silver inlay. It displays the familiar medallions but is also engraved with scenes showing Christ as a child. Rows of standing figures, probably saints, decorate the base. The background is decorated with typically Islāmic vine scrolls and intricate arabesques, giving the piece a unique flavour.